Türkçe English
Home  |  About   |  Writing and Publishing Policies  |  Editorial Board   | 

Quick Access


Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / Thé Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. Bu Dergi DOI ve Crosscheck üyesidir


Abstract


THE FRENCH REVOLUTION IN THE DILEMMA OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND VIOLENCE; EXAMPLE OF SEPTEMBER MASSACRE
The strict hierarchical structure among the political, social and economic classes that constituted the 18th century French society, led to the formation of a revolutionary movement with profound political, social and economic consequences in 1789. The first years of the revolution passed with the developments that greatly transformed the “ancien régime France”. There were the concepts of “freedom, equality and brotherhood” which expressed the desires of the nation, at the basis of the steps taken. As a matter of fact, people's natural rights are guaranteed with the Declaration of Human and Citizen Rights based on these concepts; at least it was hoped. But as with many beliefs and principals, contradictory situations between doctrine and action were not delayed to arise in the French Revolution. In a short period of time, no freedom in practice began to be tolerated. Brotherhood was replaced by angry massacres. Governments, on the other hand, did not hesitate to use the massacres carried out by the crowds as a scary layout tool. In this way, the massacre areas became the places of official punishment. One of these massacres took place in September 1792. At that time, Paris was threatened with the invasion of the Austro-Prussian armies in which France was at war. The people of Paris were terrified with the danger of invasion on one side and the thought that thousands of enemies in prison would flee and kill their innocent families. In this spirit, armed groups of the public entered the Paris prisons and began to systematically slaughter the prisoners. When the violence ended, half of the prisoners in the nine prisons were killed.

Keywords
French Revolution, human rights, violence, September Massacre.



References

Advanced Search


Announcements


Address : Kocaeli Üniversitesi, Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümü, İzmit / Kocaeli
Telephone :+905076095206 Fax :
Email :dergi@sosyalarastirmalar.com

Web Yazılım & Programlama Han Yazılım Bilişim Hizmetleri