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Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / Thé Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. Bu Dergi DOI ve Crosscheck üyesidir


Abstract


SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF VISUALLY DISABLED

Visual disability is an important public health problem with serious social and economic effects associated with decreased quality of life and increased dependency on adults worldwide. This study was carried out to identify the social and economic problems experienced by visually disabled people, to draw attention to the problem and to encourage other studies to be done. This study is a retrospective cohort study. All patients who applied to the state hospital, which is the only hospital in Gümüşhane province for a period of 5 years were included in the study. 1325 people whose visual disability was detected by scanning “disability reports” and based on clinical data were included in the study. All of the data obtained were recorded to the computer. The data were analyzed with a statistical package program on the computer.The majority (46.6%) of the seeing disabled were illiterate. While the great majority (90.5%) of the visually disabled were not working, 6.5% were retired, 1.3% were working at private sector and 1.2% were working at public sector. While only 24.9% of the seeing disabled were taking disability support payment, only 32.4% of the disabled were taking disabled salary. These findings show that people with disabilities do not sufficiently benefit from the rights granted to them and need more social support. For this reason, a national disability policy and action plan should be created and public awareness should be raised.



Keywords
Disability, Visually Disabled, Blindness, Socio-economic Problems, Disabled Salary



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