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Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / Thé Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. Bu Dergi DOI ve Crosscheck üyesidir


Abstract


HEALING ARCHITECTURE AND GEVHER NESİBE DÂRÜŞŞİFA: A BIOPHILIC VIEW

As a result of researching the strong connection of man with nature, nature susceptibility has been discovered to be instinctive and the concept of "biophilia" has been introduced. Since architecture exists, it has been aimed to place nature in human life as much as possible even though, along with the concept of biophilia some biophilic design criteria have been determined for today's architecture. Although it is known as a design approach of modern architecture, it is possible to see biophilic elements in the designs of the historical buildings that constitutes our cultural heritage. In this context, the aim of this study is to trace the healing properties of architecture in historical buildings. In this respect, the current definitions and classifications on biophilic design approaches were examined and a conceptual framework was created on the healing properties of the spaces designed with this approach. Afterwards, the architectural features of Gevher Nesibe Darussifa, which was built with the understanding of “healing space” using the healing elements of nature and which is one of the most important values of Turkish architectural heritage, were identified and entered into the literature as the first darussifa of Anatolia, and the reflections of the natural environment such as the use of light and sound. As a result, Gevher Nesibe Darussifa has been found to have many biophilic data with healing properties that will enrich today's architecture. So much so that the data obtained shows that the guiding effects of the “healing properties of nature” on the shaping of architectural spaces should be requestioned with the “ancient knowledge of Turkish architecture” and thus a different perspective on existing biophilic design approaches should be developed.



Keywords
Biophilia, Biophilic Design, Healing Space, Darush-shifa, Gevher Nesibe Darush-shifa



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