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Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi / Thé Journal of International Social Research became a member of Cross Reff since 2014 and started to assign DOI numbers to the articles. Bu Dergi DOI ve Crosscheck üyesidir


Abstract


In OTTOMAN STATE, THE POSITION and THE SIGNIFICANCE of WAQF INSTITUTIONS on THE ALLEVIATION of POVERTY: FROM TRADITION to FUTURE

The objective of this study is to investigate the institutions of Ottoman State, mainly waqfs, and their ways of tackling with poverty. In the world, one of the most serious problems is the poverty itself. Poverty is still on the agenda of the world as a chronic problem due to some factors such as the inequality of the wage initially, the problematic fields of the global economic system, and the inefficiency of the social security systems for all. As a matter of fact, the gap concerning income, social welfare, health, education, and transportation between developed and underdeveloped nations is quite clear. On the one hand, some part of the world is striving hard to enhance the profit on the basis of competition; on the other hand, the rest is free from even providing their basic needs. This inequality makes the poverty as a tangling concept let alone a problem to be solved. The Ottoman State that gets into economic and social fields of society with the waqfs and the other institutions founded and that deals with the problem of poverty institutionally in history is a good sample. In the study, the roles of the waqfs on their struggles against poverty will be mentioned based upon the reflections of the poverty for todays’ modern societies, so that, it is aimed at a new perspective for the understanding of current social policy systems’ establishment as well as improvement.



Keywords
Poverty, Poverty Alleviation, Waqf, Ottoman Waqfs, Social Policy



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